INTERCROPPING WITH SUNFLOWERS FOR BENEFICIAL INSECTS
(by Jones & Gilbert Florida Entomologist ‘88)
1. Diversity and abundance of beneficial insects increased in crop vegetation directly adjacent to sunflower rows.
2. Sunflowers indeed attract and play host to numerous beneficial insects.
3. They attract PREDACEOUS 1) almost immediately after establishment when plants reached a height of 6”.
4. PARASITOIDS 2) and POLLINATORS 3) were attracted as soon as these plants began to produce flowers.
5. Some of the same beneficial insects were found also to occur on crop vegetation but in significantly lower numbers.
6. By providing PREDATOR 4) REFUGE within the cropping system via strip crops or uncultivated corridors can result in the migration of PREDATORY INSECTS 5) into adjacent crops.
1. PREDACEOUS = Predatory, preys on other animals.
2. PARASITOIDS = One who eats or lives upon others.
3. POLLINATORS = Insects carrying pollen.
4. PREDATOR REFUGE = A safe haven to live.
5. PREDITORY INSECTS = Insects which prey on others.
6. ARTHROPOD = Any member of a large group of invertebrate animals with jointed legs and a segmented body: they include crustaceans, arachnids, insects, myriapods.
SUNFLOWERS PLANTED WITHIN 1’ – 30’ OF CROP VEGETATION
Will Draw Beneficial Insects Including Arthropod 6) Predators,
Parasitic Wasps & Pollinators